Depends on what kind of websites someone is going to launch, several challenges might encounter the developer. I am listing below 3 key challenges that present themselves web developers face building websites. Fortunately, each of these challenges can be overcome in different ways, it just takes time and effort.
Website loading speed tends to be a real challenge for web developers. Nowadays, in order to have a successful website, it has to be optimized for a very low web pages load speed.This means for developers that users do not like to wait so long nor have the patience for slow web applications. A lot of research confirmed the fact that people will abandon any website that takes more than three, sometimes couple seconds to load. That puts more stress on developers as users ask and look for several functionalities with rich contents that might affect negatively the website overall load performance but want it fast as well. The developer will have, depends on the website type, to either optimize and well configure the CMS/web creator used to mount the website, apply changes as needed to optimize his programming code,choose the right hosting platform and/or even go further in details and play with the DNS settings, use privates ones with a third party service such as Cloudflare to speed them up.
Nowadays, Websites face more security threats than ever before. Phishing, sending Spam emails, getting personal information are some of the reasons hackers target users online. For instance, launching an online store would require providing a secured connection, preferably with a SSL certificate to encrypt data being transmitted between visitors and the servers. Depends on the website(s type, we might be required to have password-protected sections to protect and/or allow access only to specific users. All these are part of the different security challenges that developers have to deal with.
SEO is an old-fashioned yet very important aspect that has to be taken seriously when building a website. Developers actually need to build websites that are optimized and search engines’ friendly. Several tips and tricks have to be implemented in order to achieve this. The code has to be well-written, maintain pretty low pages’ size, etc. Not only the onPage tips need to be respected because as of 2016, several other factors have to be considered for the SEO. For example, many search engines including Google have started using HTTPS secure pages loading as part of their ranking algorithms. That basically means that a website with a secure connection will rank better than a similar one running with the HTTP protocol. All of this adds other real obstacles in the development process of a website.
Several other challenges are present in the website development process such as the website accessibility from different devices/platforms, the compatibility with different browsers, user experience and much more. As the Web also continues to grow, developers face more and more challenges and that’s totally normal.